Ultimate Xbox 360 Transcoding solution

About a week ago, I finally caved and bought myself an Xbox 360. Along with some really great games (ex. Gears of War) the 360 is also a powerhouse of media playing capabilities. Using Microsoft provided software you can set up your PC to serve media over the network to your 360. This means that you can listen to your entire music collection while you play you games (solves the only problem with Geometry Wars, the mediocre soundtrack); the 360 natively plays mp3s so you don't need to do much of anything to make music work. Unfortunately, the 360 will only natively play wmv video files, and only ones that are properly formatted, which means that you'll have to do a bit of work to watch and DivX, Xvid or, for that matter, just about anything else that you didn't get from Microsoft to begin with. Playing my video files on my TV through my 360 is an important thing for me, so set about scouring the internet to figure out how to do this and, having done so, I now report to you on what I have found.

If you're running Vista or XP MCE, it's supposedly a lot easier but, since I have neither, you're on your own and I cannot help. Supposedly, it's possible to use TVersity on a regular XP machine to do real-time on-the-fly transcoding of your files into wmv but I was not able to make it work. It may be the case that my computer is not powerful enough for on-the-fly transcoding or it might be that I had it set up wrong but the simple fact of the matter is that, in my opinion, TVersity is pretty flaky and doesn't provide a very good network interface when you access it through the 360. Using Microsoft's software and manually transcoding files before I watch them is thus my option of choice for watching movies and listening to music on my 360. This brings us to the real meat of this post, how to best transcode files for playing on the 360.

I tried a whole bunch of transcoding options, none of which worked, before I came across Encode360. Encode360 encodes things perfectly and allows for the vital rescaling (more on this later) but suffers from two problems: it's slow and it crashes a lot. A little more digging turned up that some had figured out how to use VLC media player to perform the transcodes. I tried the VLC transcoding method and discovered that it was both very fast and encoded perfectly. Unfortunately, the batch files provided for this purpose don't do rescaling and have a number of other problems. The rescaling is vital because if you don't scale your file properly, the 360 will auto-scale to fit the TV and the 360's auto-scaling is terrible, leaving blocky artifacts all over the screen. In order to deal with the 360's scaling issues and some of the other problems of the provided batch files, I read through VLC's documentation and fiddled around a bunch and am proud to say that I have come up with a few new batch files for VLC that will process video files and make them work properly on your 360.

Go get your hands on a copy of VLC media player and then grab the batch files I have made (vlc2xbox480h.bat and vlc2xbox720w.bat). You will need to modify the batch files slightly for your system; open the file in a text editor and change the very beginning to point to where you have installed VLC ("C:program filesvlcvlc.exe" is where mine is, change this if you need to). In order to transcode a file, you will drag-and-drop the file that you want to transcode onto one of these batch files, depending on the files aspect ratio. If the files aspect ratio is less than 16:9, drop it on the 480h file; if the aspect ratio is greater than 16:9, drop it on the 720w files; if the aspect ratio is 16:9, drop it on either one. It is important to note that your file's filename cannot have any single quotes (') or it will cause problems. So there you have it, the best way that I've found to transcode files into a 360 ready format. I might improve the batch files later or I might try writing a wrapper application at some point and, if I do, I'll post those updates here.


Interesante. I don't really care too much about playing video back using my Xbox 360 just yet, but I think there's a couple of projects out there trying to reverse-engineer the file-sharing protocol. It'd be nice to be able to use a Linux machine to do all the filesharing...

Do you have an Xbox Live account?

After a little more digging, it looks like it's they use the standard UPnP MediaServer protocol, but with some "embrace and extend" B.S. that makes it incompatible with existing implementations except Windows Media Connect...

Some people have claimed success with using TVersity but I found it a little too buggy and too resource intensive for my 5 years old computer. To be fair, I care a lot more about playing mp3s from my computer while I'm playing Geometry Wars than about being able to watch through my 360 and for that purpose, the Microsoft software provides a better interface.